Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments

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Several Russian cultural heritage sites were inscribed on the World Heritage list at the 14th session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Banff (Canada) on December 7-12, 1990.

The first of them was “Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments.”

Recognizing that “the inclusion of Leningrad on the World Heritage List is so obvious that any detailed justification seems superfluous,” ICOMOS experts proposed to inscribe the site on the List in accordance with criteria (i), (ii), (iv) and (vi). The site received No. C540 in the List.

The nomination dossier for the site was prepared very quickly. Despite the innovative approach (suggesting to include not separate monuments but the cultural agglomeration as a whole), the dossier contained a range of inaccuracies, some of them of technical character. This was way the “Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments” took part in the Retrospective Inventory of the World Heritage Centre. After the inventory was completed, a list of verified components and elements was compiled, maps were brought in accordance with the requirements of the World Heritage Committee, and the Statement of Outstanding Universal Value was prepared.

After the World Heritage Committee approved the Retrospective Inventory, the site was assigned No. C540bis.

The “Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments”, according to the classification of the World Heritage Committee is a serial World Heritage property.

Serial properties include two or more component parts (in the case of Saint Petersburg these components are subdivided into smaller parts, elements), related by clearly defined cultural, social or functional links. Each component part should contribute to the Outstanding Universal Value of the property.